Is Type 2 Diabetes Genetic?

If you are diabetic, you’ve probably had a lot of questions. You’ve wondered how you developed the disease, and to top it off, you even worry that your children (if you have them or are planning to) may develop it too. Well, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), type 2 diabetes (characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels) accounts for about 90- 95% of all diabetes cases in the United States. Just like type 1, most type 2 diabetic patients often have a close family member with the condition.

Two main factors causing type 2 diabetes are either you inherit a predisposition of diabetes then something in your environment fully triggers it, and or lifestyle choices.

Genetics and type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary, but it doesn’t mean if your mother or father has/ had diabetes you are guaranteed to have it. Instead, it simply means that you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes. Research shows that one can inherit the risk for type 2 diabetes, but it is very hard to pinpoint which genes carry the risk.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and you have a family history of type 2 disease, it may be difficult to know whether your diabetes is caused by lifestyle factors or genetics, but most likely it’s both. Nonetheless don’t lose heart because studies have revealed that there is a likelihood of delaying or even preventing type 2 diabetes by exercising and losing weight.

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